Thursday, February 6, 2020

Environmental Analysis Paper Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words

Environmental Analysis Paper - Essay Example The Hershey Company markets brands such as Hershey’s Kisses, Ice Breakers, and Hershey’s Reese among others. Also, it is the leader of the dark and premium chocolates such as Hershey’s Extra Dark, Cacao Reserve, and Hershey’s Special Dark. Other popular brands such as Milk Duds, Payday, Kit Kat, and Almond Joy have tremendously contributed to the success of the company to achieve revenues of about six billion dollars (The Hershey’s Company, 2012). Like other businesses in the world, the Hershey Company operates with business environment that is pre-disposed with business environmental factors such as legal-political, socio-cultural, economic, and technological factors. This paper will seek to conduct an environmental scan and economic analysis on Hershey’s, including the remote, industry, and operating environments. Macroeconomic Forecast Macroeconomic forecast helps provide the consumers, businesses, and government with information necessary in making better decisions (Kew and Stredwick, 2009). The macroeconomic forecast indicators affect Hershey’s in the future and are important that they are considered to be part of the strategic planning of the Company. Increasing GDP in America (though at a smaller rate) and in other countries where its products are sold is favorable in boosting the purchase of the products and increases the prospects of the Hersey’s success (McGuigan, et al., 2011). In the light of this, the strategic planning of Hershey’s will include considering increasing its supplies especially after global financial crisis has completely faded away. Also, reducing rate of unemployment widens the pool of people earning income and therefore increasing the number of people able to buy Hershey’s products (Brenner, 2010). However, unemployment rates in some countries have remained constant or have soared therefore threatening to reduce sales of Hershey’s products in those countri es. Thus, Hershey’s strategic planning will moderate supply in various markets based on the prevailing unemployment rates (McMahon., 2008). In addition, inflation as a macroeconomic factor affects the Hershey’s products presently and in the future. Increase in prices of commodities in various markets that Hershey’s sells its products; tend to affect the performance of the Company (McGuigan et al, 2011). The increase in the cost of production of other consumable commodities including sugar and chocolate confectionary products make the consumers to be cautious in their purchasing, as well as prompting them to focus more on basic commodities than on commodities that they consider to be â€Å"luxurious† (Brenner, 2010). The seemingly high inflation rates in most markets call for a strategy that meets all the market niches. For example, Hersey’s products can be packaged in quantities and prices that reflect the inflation rates of particular markets. Dem and and disposable income is another macroeconomic factor that affects the success of a company like Hershey’s (Morden, 2007). Reduced demand and disposable income of consumers may affect the sales of Hershey’s products in America and in countries where the Company’s products are sold (McGuigan et al, 2011). Therefore, Hersey’s strategy should seek to enhance consumers’ demand and to package quantity and prices that reflect the disposable income of the targeted markets. Non- Economic Factors in the Remote Environment Social and Cultural Social and cultural

Tuesday, January 28, 2020

Educational Psychology study Essay Example for Free

Educational Psychology study Essay The study was done by Penny Clunies-Ross, Emma Little and Mandy Kienhuis, (2008). It is titled ‘Self-reported and actual use of proactive and reactive classroom management strategies and their relationship with teacher stress and student behavior’. The study was done with primary school teachers in Australia and examined the teachers’ self-report on the behavior management strategies that they use in the classroom and how these affect their stress level and the students’ behavior. The literature reviewed for this study discussed research done in four areas which were used as the theoretical base for the study. One is the level of disruptive behavior in schools. The second is the teacher stress and its causes. Third is the relationship between the two. And fourth is the type of classroom strategies that teachers use which are categorized as proactive and reactive. The proactive strategies have been described as a more positive approach that is preventive. The reactive strategies are more negative and remedial. The proactive strategies have been found to be more effective. This study therefore aims to â€Å"investigate the relationship between primary school teachers’ self-reported and actual use of management strategies, and to identify how the use of proactive and reactive strategies is related to teacher stress and student behavior†. The hypothesis was that using reactive strategies would result in higher levels of teacher stress and lower on-task behavior of the students. Also that using proactive strategies would result in lower levels of teacher stress and higher on-task behavior of the students. The sample was obtained by contacting principals of the schools. First convenience sampling was used, and then random phone calls to ensure that five schools from each district in Melbourne were included in the study. Data was collected by questionnaires to all teachers and observations of those who volunteered to participate. The data was collected and analyzed by SPSS. In general the results showed that hypothesis one was supported while hypothesis two was not supported. The study was generally well done. The literature review was comprehensive and discussed a wide range of studies from as early as 1986 to 2003, showing the range of research on the topic over the period of time. It was also well organized into sections. The sampling technique was straightforward. Persisting until each district was represented by five schools was good. However the final sample was ninety seven participants from twenty one schools. This means an average of less than five teachers from each school. It may have been better to have surveyed fewer schools but more teachers from each school. The culture of the school often affects teacher stress so that the small number of teachers from a large number of schools may not be reflective of the levels and causes of stress in any one of the schools. The effect of the classroom management strategies used in one school may not completely relate to the teacher stress at that school. The results were analyzed as one sample, rather than analysis by school. Therefore there is no examination of whether the difference in school culture, (if in fact any differences exist) affected the study. However, the study did an analysis of the multivariate effects of gender, level of qualifications and years of teaching experience and found that they were not predictors of teacher stress. These are important variables to include as possible effectors of teacher stress. The study presented a lot of detail on the sample and the materials. However there should have been more detail on the procedure- how exactly were the observations set up and carried out. The report only says â€Å"After the 30-minute observation had been conducted in the teacher’s classroom, observation and questionnaire data were matched using the four-digit code†. The analysis of data was another section that was well presented. This section was again well organized into sub- sections which made reading and following the results much easier. All the data were represented by well-laid out and well- labeled tables which were easy to read. This structure was repeated even in the discussion so that the reader was able to follow the analysis of the results and the discussion for each research question or issue. That was in fact one of the key aspects that made this study encouraging to read- that the subsections were repeated in each part of the study- literature review, data analysis and discussion. An important aspect of this study was the use of both questionnaires (self-report) for teacher behavior and observations. It was significant to educational research on the whole to examine the relationship between the two, since generally self-reports alone cannot be relied upon for accurate measures of behavior. The significant positive correlation between the teachers’ reported use of strategies, both proactive and reactive, and what the researchers observed helps to make self-reports a more reliable tool in educational research. The study ends with two important sections- methodological limitations and suggestions for further research. Discussions in these two sections show the researchers’ awareness of the limitations of the study despite the fact that it is a good piece of research and it helps the reader to understand why certain things were not done in a particular way. One example is this study is the mention that the sampling though it seemed random in fact was not completely random as the teachers who volunteered for the study may be teachers who are not particularly stressed, or that the stressed teachers may not have been so willing to participate. Secondly the number of teachers volunteering to be observed was quite small. The study does not mention the actual number. A section that I would have liked to see included in this study was one on ethical considerations. In general the study was a useful one, well conducted and reported. It investigated the effect of proactive and reactive strategies as classroom management techniques on teachers’ stress levels. The study did in fact find that the use of proactive strategies had less effect on teachers’ stress. This would be the most important benefit to teachers to help them to keep the stress of teaching to a minimum. They could be encouraged by these results to focus on implementing activities in the classroom that would prevent classroom disruptions, rather than having to use their attention and energy intervening in classroom disruptions and losing teaching time. The study also looked at the effect of these strategies on students’ on-task behavior, and again found that the proactive strategies fostered more on-task behavior. This is also useful to the teachers to keep students focused on their work and lessen the disruptions in the classroom. Reference Clunies-Ross, P. , Little, E. and Kienhuis, M. (2008) Self-reported and actual use of proactive and reactive classroom management strategies and their relationship with teacher stress and student behavior, Educational Psychology, 28:6,693 — 710

Monday, January 20, 2020

Transformation to Womanhood in Two Kinds by Amy Tan :: Two Kinds, Amy Tan

Transformation to Womanhood in Two Kinds For a lot of us growing up, our mothers have been an integral part of what made us who we are. They have been the one to forgive us when no one else could. They have been the one to comfort us when the world seemed to turn to evil. They have been the one to shelter us when the rain came pouring down. And most importantly, they have been the one to love us when we needed it the most. In "Two Kinds," by Amy Tan, Jing-mei is a young daughter of a Chinese immigrant. Growing up she had to endure being raised by an overbearing mother as well as deal with psychological struggles within herself. She had to learn how to become a woman on her own terms. Throughout the story, her mother repeatedly pressures Jing-mei to be something that she is not. She wants Jing-mei to somehow become a prodigy child. She has such high hopes for her daughter that she doesn't realize the amount of distress she causes Jing-mei. Like all good mothers, she only wants the best for her child. Since immigrating to America, she believes that anything can be accomplished and she uses her daughter as her outlet to prove it. She continuously gives Jing-mei numerous tests to memorize bible passages and world capitals, and eventually coerces her into taking piano lessons, which becomes the prime focus of her 'perfect daughter' determination. Jing-mei reacts extremely negatively to this pressure. This is only exemplified when she states, "'I won't let her change me, I promised myself. I won't be what I am not." She is forced to take a stance against her mother primarily because she doesn't want to be forced into becoming something that she is not. Jing-mei feels she must become her true self, a person whom she feels her mother is not to determine for her. Jing-mei feels uncomfortable with her mother putting so much pressure on her. She is on a continuous struggle within herself to find who she really is. She is constantly distraught over torn feelings of wanting to become her true self and making her mother proud. Still, as time goes on it proves to be better to go against the tide, go against her mother's wishes. "And after seeing my mother's disappointed face once again, something inside of me began to die.

Sunday, January 12, 2020

The Decimal Numbering System Engineering Essay

Rotor is the chief portion of the chopper with which the needed 360 grade on the topographic point, remain airborne with no directional motion, velocity, Range, Lift, operational handiness etc demands can be attained. Rotors are of two types ‘ chief rotor and tail rotor. The chief rotor consists of 2 or more blades. The velocity, etc of the choppers is achieved by the figure of blades it has and length of the blade and these are connected to cardinal rotor head/hub assembly. The hub assembly rests on the swash home base which is primary constituent of the chopper. The swash home base consists of two discs one revolving and non-revolving which is mounted on the top of the chopper and this swash home base is attached/connected to the cockpit which has two sticks Corporate lever, Cyclic stick and Tail rotor pedals. The collective lever which is on the left side of the pilots seat which helps the chopper to travel up or down by traveling the swash home base up and down and these motions is attained by lifting the lever or take downing the lever The cyclic lever which acts as joy stick is between the pilots articulatio genuss helps to alter the angle of both the blades at the same time which helps the chopper to travel in all waies other than up and down and is attained by leaning the swash home base lever. Tail rotor pedals which are used to command the rotary motion of the chopper. The swash home base is rested on the mast and transmittal which is connected to the engine through thrust shaft and the tail rotor is attached to 45degree cogwheel box, thrust shaft which is attached to the engine. The engine is mounted on the engine saddle horse and is covered with hood. Hood is nil but metal portion which is used to cut down drag decrease and engine chilling and air consumption. Rotors: – The rotor can hold blades runing from 2 to 6. These blades are connected to the blade clasps with keeping bolts and these are connected to the hub and this hub is positioned on the terminal of the mast which is bolted with Jesus nut. And the hub and blade clasp together are controlled by control tubing which is connected the interior ring of the swash home base and these controlled tubing aid the blades to alter the angle of the blades. These control tubing is connected to the blade clasp with pitch alteration horn. The rotor blade has a taking border which is frontward confronting border of the rotor blade and tracking border which is confronting border of the rotor blade and chord which is the distance from taking border to the draging border of the rotor blade. The parts of rotor are Root Blade Grips Hub Control tubings Pitch Change Horn Jesus Nut Retnetion Thunderbolts Trunnion The different types of rotor systems are mentioned below Fully articulated: – In this rotor system, each rotor blade is attached to the rotor hub through a series of flexible joints, which allow the blade to travel independently of the others. These rotor systems normally have three or more blades. The blades are allowed to roll, feather, and lead or slowdown independently of each other. The horizontal flexible joint, called the flutter flexible joint, allows the blade to up and down. This motion is called the flutter and is designed to counterbalance for asymmetry of lift. The flapping flexible joint may be located at changing distance from the rotor hub, and there may be more than one flexible joint. Vertical flexible joint, called the lead-lag or retarding force flexible joint, allows the blade to travel back and Forth. This motion is called lead-lag, dragging, or runing. Dampers are normally used to forestall extra back and forth motion around the retarding force flexible joint. The intent of the retarding force flexible joint and dampers is to counterbalance for the acceleration and slowing caused by coriolis consequence. Each blade can besides be feathered that is rotated its spanwise axis. Feathering the blade means altering the pitch angle of the blade. By altering the pitch angle of the blades the push and way of the chief rotor phonograph record can be controlled. Rigid/ hingeless: – They are used to convey simpleness to the choppers. In a stiff rotor system the blades, hub, and mast are stiff with regard to each other. There are no flexible joints to rolling or lead/drag, but they can be feathering. The tonss are absorbed by flexing instead than flexible joints as in to the full articulated. This is the ground it has less lag due to less oscillation. Semi rigid: – It produces two different motions, rolling and feathering. This System is usually composed of two blades, which are stiffly attached to the rotor hub. The hub is so attached to the rotor mast by trunnion bearing or seesawing flexible joint and is free to lean with regard to the chief rotor shaft. This allows the blades to see-saw or flap together. One blade flaps up and the other flaps down. There are seesawing flexible joint and feathering flexible joint which accomplish the Centre of gravitation of the both blades so that the blade does non speed up as it flap up and slow as it flaps down and feathering is accomplished the later one which changes the pitch angle of the blade. These semi-regid rotors are vulnerable to a status known as mast Bumping, this is usually encountered during low-G manoeuvres and can do the rotor flap stops to shear the mast. Anti-torque rotor: – Tail rotor: – It is a smaller rotor mounted at the terminal of tail of a traditional single-rotor chopper. It rotates vertically or near-vertically and it is positioned in such a manner that Centre of gravitation allow it to develop thrust antonym to the chief rotor rotary motion to equilibrate the torsion created by the chief rotor. They require merely corporate alterations in pitch to change push and the pitch is adjustable by the anti-torque pedals which besides provide the way required for the chopper. Tip jet rotor: – It is used for individual chief rotor constellation where the chief rotor is non driven by the mast but from noses on the rotor blade tips, which are either pressurized from a fuselage-mounted gas turbine or have their ain pushers ( fanjet, atherodyde or projectile pushers ) . Double rotors: – It consists of brace or more of big horizontal rotors turning in opposite waies to antagonize the effects of torsion on the aircraft without trusting on an antitorque tail rotor. It helps to use the power which is applied on the tail rotor to use the same power on the chief rotor which increases the aircraft lifting capacity. They are four types of double rotors, they are: – ( a ) Tandem: – Rotors are two rotors with one mounted behind the other. The pitch attitude alterations to speed up and slow the chopper and the procedure are called differential corporate pitch. To flip forward and accelerate, the rear rotor additions corporate pitch, raising the tail and the front rotor decreases corporate, at the same time dunking the olfactory organ. To flip upward while slowing or traveling back the forepart rotor increases the corporate pitch to the rise the nose and rear rotor decreases corporate pitch to take down the tail. To swivel right, the forepart rotor jousts right and the rear rotor to go forth and to swivel left the front rotor jousts left and the rear rotor jousts right. ( B ) Coaxial: – Rotors are two rotors that are mounted one above the other with the same shaft and turning in opposite way. The advantage of the coaxal rotor is that in forward flight, the lift provided by the progressing halves of each rotor compensated for withdrawing half of the other. There is an increases mechanical complexness of rotor system and swashplates ( degree Celsius ) Intermeshing: – Rotors are two rotors that are mounted near to each other at a sufficient angle to let the rotor to intermesh over the top of the aircraft. They have high stableness and powerful lifting capableness. ( vitamin D ) Transverse: – Pair of the rotors is mounted at each terminal of wing-type constructions or outriggers, perpendicular to the organic structure of the aircraft. They besides use corporate pitch and alter the axial rotation attitude of the rotorcraft. ( Viii ) Notor: -No Tail RotorSwash home bases: –It is a device that translated engine power via the choppers controls and levers into gesture of the chief rotor blades. And these bids are transmitted from non-rotating fuselage to the revolving rotor hub and chief blades. The stationary outer ring is mounted on the chief rotor mast and is connected to the cyclic and corporate controls by a series of pushrods. The rotating inner ring is mounted to the stationary outer ring by agencies of bearings and is allowed to revolve with the chief rotor mast. An anti-rotation nexus prevents the interior ring to from revolving independently of the blades, in response apply torsion to the actuators. The outer pealing typically has an anti-rotation skidder to forestall it from revolving. So this helps both the ring or swash home bases to move as one unit to execute their actions. The revolving swash is connected to the pitch horns by pitch links. The alternate mechanics to the stationary outer ring are the hexapod and the cosmopolitan articulation. Partss of the swash home base are Non-rotating outer ring Turning interior ring Ball joint Control ( Pitch ) forestalling turning of outer ring Control ( axial rotation ) Linkages to the rotor blade Linkages that make the interior ring bend Pitch: –Cockpit: –It consists of the four flight controls and other electronic instruments. They are ( I ) The cyclic: – Cyclic controls are used to alter choppers way. As the stick is leaned over in any way, so the angle of the home base alterations really somewhat. This alteration of angle corresponds straight to what is go oning to the rotor phonograph record at the same clip. I.e. the side of the home base that is higher represents the side of the rotor phonograph record bring forthing more lift. ( two ) The collective: – To command the corporate pitch of the chief rotor blades, the full swash home bases must be moved up or down along its axis without altering the orientation of the cyclic controls. Conventionally, the full swash home base is moved along the chief shaft by a separate actuator. Now yearss the mutualist actuators that can each travel the full swash home base that is nil but corporate pitch commixture. Actuator: – ( three ) The anti-torque pedals: – Increasing the pitch angle of the tail rotor blades will increase the push, which in bend will force the chopper unit of ammunition in the same way as the chief rotor blades. Decreasing the pitch angle decreases the sum of push and so the natural torsion takes over, allowing the chopper rotate in the opposite way to the chief rotors. ( four ) The accelerator: – It is a twist-grip on the terminal of the corporate lever and is linked straight to the motion of the lever so that engine RPM is ever correct at any given corporate scene. Because the cyclic and corporate pitch control determines the motion of the chopper, the engine RPM does non necessitate to be adjusted. ( Which is to done in aeroplane engine ) ? So during normal winging changeless engine velocity is maintained and the pilot merely needs to ticket tune the throttle scenes when necessary. There is nevertheless, a direct correlativity between engine power and swerve control in a chopper. For illustration faster whirling chief rotor blades generate more torsion, so greater pitch is needed in the tail rotor blades to bring forth more push. ( V ) Instrument panels consists of ( I ) Landing visible radiations ( a ) Skid visible radiation: – It is attached to the left forward crosstube and it is adjusted from the lift of the land. The on-off switch is located on pilots window sill. ( B ) Search visible radiation: – It is retractable pilot controlled hunt visible radiation which is either a white or IR light depending on the mission demand and the switch is of 3-position switch ( ON-OFF-STOW ) and it has control switch ( â€Å" Chinese hat † ) which extends, retracts and moves light left or right ( two ) Warning visible radiations ( a ) Clasp ( B ) Mr temp ( degree Celsius ) Mr bit ( vitamin D ) Starter on ( vitamin E ) Tail rotor bit ( degree Fahrenheit ) Low fuel ( g ) Low revolutions per minute ( three ) Flight, safety Instruments: – ( a ) Vertical Speed Indicator: – This is a force per unit area sensitive instrument, which indicates the rate at which the chopper is mounting or falling in pess per minute. ( B ) Air Speed Indicator: – This instrument indicates the velocity of the chopper through the air in which it is winging. It relates merely indirectly to the velocity of the chopper over the land. It may bespeak velocity in stat mis per hour/knots. ( degree Celsius ) Outside Air Temperature Guage: – This is non a flight instrument, but is a flight safety instrument. As it gives the information of frosting conditions to the pilot. It registers air temperature both in Celsius and Fahrenheit. ( vitamin D ) Altimeter: – This is pressure sensitive instrument which shows the height at which the chopper is winging. The customary process is to put the instrument so that it indicates height above the sea degree. When used this manner the indicant on the altimeter will be that of the lift of the airdrome when the chopper is on the land. ( vitamin E ) Machmeter: – It shows the ratio of true airspeed in relation to the velocity of the sound ( degree Fahrenheit ) Course Deviation Indicator: – It is avionics instrument used to find the sidelong place in relation to a path, which can be provided by an instrument set downing system or VOR. It can be integrated with the heading index in horizontal state of affairs index. ( g ) Radio Magnetic Indicator: – It consists of one acerate leaf ; a typical RMI has two, twosome to different ADF receiving systems, leting for place repairing utilizing one instrument. ADF is nil but automatic way finder which is coupled with RMI and provides bearing for a tuned Non-derectional beacon. ( H ) Magnetic Compass: – This is the basic mention for heading information. The compass rectification card indicates the corrected header to maneuver to let for compass divergence ( I ) Turn cordinator and slip index: – The operation of it is same as the bend and bank index. ( J ) Heading Index: – It is besides called gyroscopic instrument, it is used to supply stable directional mention, and unlike the compass is comparatively free from mistakes during bends, acceleration, and slowing in normal flight manoeuvers. It does non hold any magnetic qualities therefore it must be set sporadically with mention to the magnetic compass. ( K ) Attitude Indicator: – This is besides gyroscopic instrument. It provides the pilot with an unreal skyline, which together with a illumination aircraft superimposed on its face enables the pilot to find the aircrafts attitude relation to the existent skyline. ( cubic decimeter ) Turn and Bank Indicator: – The needle part of this instrument indicates whether the chopper is turning, together with the way and rate of bend. The ball part of the instrument is basically a mention for coordination of controls. In co-ordinate flight the ball will be centered in its curving glass tubing. ( m ) Cockpit Indicator: – These are driven by a gyrosyn compass system Fixed-card instruments: – Traveling card indexs: – Horizontal state of affairs index: – Gyrosyn compass: – It has a remotely located unit feeling the earths magnetic field. It incorporates a gyroscope to supply stableness. Electrical power is required for its operation. Basic constituents are Distant compass sender: – It is pendulously suspended within a certain bowl and maintains a horizontal plane within a pitch attitude of +30 grade. . It senses the earth magnetic field and reduces the aircraft magnetic perturbations. Gyroscope: – The rule of rigidness in infinite is applied to retain a fixed place during any aircraft turns. Turning gesture of the aircraft about the gyro is so electrically relayed to the header index. Erection mechanism: – An hard-on torsion motor is used to maintain the gyro spin axis in a horizontal plane Amplifier: – It is the coordination and distribution centre for all system electrical signals. Remote compass sender signals arc stage detected to decide for the 180-degree ambiguity and discharge sent to the break one's backing torsion motor to maintain the gyro spins axis aligned with magnetic north-south. ( four ) Engine Instruments ( a ) Double Tachometer: – This instrument indicates the figure of revolutions per minute ( RPM ) that of both engine ( ERPM ) and the rotor blades ( RRPM ) are doing. A detached acerate leaf is provided for each. In powered flight the acerate leafs are combined or joined. In autoratation the acerate leafs are split. ( B ) Manifold Guage: – This instrument is calibrated in inches of quicksilver and indicated the force per unit area in the consumption manifold of the engine. Nothing but he sum of work the engine is making the higher the force per unit area the more work the engine is making and frailty versa. This is merely positioned on piston-engine choppers ( degree Celsius ) Torque metre: – This is same as the multiplex force per unit area guage and it is positioned on turbine-engine choppers. VOR: – It stands for Very High Frequency omni-derectional scope station/navigation system. The vor consists of two parts the land station which send the wireless signals and the receiving system in the aircraft with index which shows way of the chopper its moving. Main end is to demo the pilot on which spoke, of the wheel, he is winging and which way.Gear boxesPressure from the combined hydraulic systems powers the flap thrust motor and gear box assembly. And these semi-independent flap and slat systems rise and lower utilizing hydraulic motors, drive units, torsion tubings, and screw jack-type actuators. If the combined system fails, a hydraulic brake locks the hydraulic motor, and an exigency electric motor provides continued operation. Flap thrust gear boxs, through a series of torque tubings and countervail gear boxs, drive all eight flap actuators. The flap actuators drive the passenger car and attaching flaps out and down. The parts are Actuators: – . It is used to use a force. It is a mechanical device that takes energy, normally created by air, electricity or liquid and converts into gesture. The gesture can be barricading, clamping and chuck outing. Types of actuators Linear actuators: – They have an end product rod that provides additive gesture via a motor driven ball prison guard, lead prison guard, or ACME screw assembly. Hydraulic Rotary actuators: – They use a pressurized, incompressible fluid to revolve mechanical constituents. Hydraulic additive actuators: – They use a cylinder and hydraulic fluid for motor force. The force applied at one point is transitted to another point utilizing an incompressible fluid. Electric rotary actuators: – They drive constituents rotationally via electromagnetic power from a motor. They typically provide control and indexing capablenesss to let multiple places stops along shots. Pneumatic rotary actuators: – They use pressurized air to revolve mechanical constituents. Types of pneumatic actuators are Individual rack-and-pinion: – They drive racks a individual rack that rotates the pinion. Double/four Piston rack- and – pinion: – They drive racks on both sides of the pinion. Screw jack-type actuators: – Hydraulic cylinders: – They are actuation devices that utilize pressurized hydraulic fluid to bring forth additive gesture and force. Electrohydraulic cylinders: – These are propulsion devices that use pressurized hydraulic fluid to bring forth additive gesture and force. These are combination of unstable power constituents, valves, and electronic controls such as a transducer to supply rod place. Valves actuators: – These are mounted on valves which, in response to a signal, automatically travel to a desired place utilizing an outside power beginning. Hydraulic valves: – It transfers the flow and force per unit area of hydraulic fluid in hydraulic power systems. Types of hydraulic valves are Angle: -admit media at an angle and license upper limit flow Ball: – They provide tight shut-off and dependable control Block: -They use little port to depressurise the infinite between the recess and mercantile establishment. Bleed: – Lapp as block valves Check: – They prevent flow reversal Control: – They modify unstable flow. Cartridge: – Directional: – They steer process media through selected Passages Drain: – They are used to take excess fluid from a system or container Acerate leaf: – They have a slender, tapered point at the terminal of a valve root. Poppet: -They unfastened and close ports with a sealing device that includes a disc, cone, or sphere. Pressure alleviation: – They remove extra upstream force per unit area Safety: – They contain a thermic detection constituent that opens or closes outlet force per unit area. Shutoff: -They close a line to halt flow when a pre-set status occurs. Solenoid Bobbin: – They are actuated by a rotary or piston-like bobbin that slides back and Forth to cover and uncover ports in lodging Stack: -They are created to make a valve block. Pneumatic valves: – These actuators adjust valve place by change overing air force per unit area into additive or rotary gesture. Electric valve actuators: – These valves which move automatically in response to a signal to desired place utilizing an outside power beginning. Hydraulic hosiery: – It is specifically designed to convey hydraulic fluid to or among hydraulic constituents, valves, actuators, and tools. There are assorted building options for hydraulic hose include reinforced, coiled, corrugated/convoluted, articulated, and multi-element. Hydraulic oils and transmittal fluids: – These are used to convey power in hydraulic equipment and power transmittal applications. Hydraulic fluids transmit power/pressure genenerated by a pump through hydraulic lines to a cylinder or actuator. Transmission fluids lubricate gear box assemblies where power is transmitted from an engine to a thrust axle. Torque tubings: – It uses C fibre tubing or wire thrust mounted on the interior of the tail roar with gear sets on each terminal to drive the tail rotor. Torque tubes generate less retarding force on the motor than a belt and are more lasting in normal operation. A torsion tubing system is less tolerant of roar stikes or anything that stops the tail rotor from whirling, and tends to deprive cogwheels in a clang. Drive units: – Flying flaps: – They are movable portion of the wing, usually hinged to draging border of the wings. As they are extended the velocity of the aircraft is reduced and can wing at lower velocities, it besides helps in lessening in aircraft pitch angle. This provides the pilot greater position over the olfactory organ of the aircraft and allows a better position for landing. Types of flaps are Krueger/Hinged: – It is on the taking border besides called as sag Plain: Rotates on a simple flexible joint Split: – There are two separate surfaces upper and lower. The upper moves slightly/immobile and the lower operates like a field flap. Gurney: – It is a little level check projecting from the draging border of a wing. It is set at a right angle to the force per unit area side surface of the aerofoil, and undertakings of the wing chord. It operates by increasing the force per unit area on one side and diminishing the other side. Dent: – It rotates rearward and downwards about an fanciful axis below the wing, increases flying country and chord without set uping trim. It may be of cylindrical or conelike airfoil subdivision. Fowler: – It slides backwards before hinging downwards, thereby increasing both camber and chord, making a larger flying surface better tuned for lower velocities, it besides provides some slot consequence. Youngman: – It moves bodily down before traveling aft and rotating. Slotted: – There is a gap/slot between the flap and the wing enables high force per unit area air flow below the wing to re-energize the boundary bed over the flap. This helps the air flow to remain attached to the flap, detaining the stall. Blown: – They blow engine air over the upper surfaces of the flap at certain angles to better lift features. 45Degree/Intermediate Gear box: – It is situated between the tail roar and five. Transportations power up the perpendicular five to the 90 grade gear box. 90Degree/Tail Gear box: – It is situated near the tail. It gets the power from the 45 grade gear box to the tailrotor. Landing cogwheel: – It consists two aluminium cross tubings and skids, to minimise skid wear the skid have steel skid places and fiberglass fairings can be attached to the cross tubings for aerodynamic intents and the breadth can be 7feet. Two land managing gear wheel assemblies may be attached to for good installed adjustments on the skid cogwheel to ease land handling. Tail Skid: – A cannular steel tail skid is installed on the aft terminal of the tail roar. The skid act as a warning to the pilot upon an accidental tail-low landing and AIDSs to forestall tail rotor from harm.Engine: –Engine parts: – Piper spares: – Tube: – Hosiery: – Clamps: – Cylinder hold-down nuts and prison guards: – Self-locking nuts: – Types of engines: – Shaft engines: – Internal burning engines: – Piston engine: – They are largely used for little propellor aircraft because they consume comparatively minor portion of fuel. Wankel engine: – Turbines: – Propjet: – The propellor is supported by engine, and the engine is bolted to the airframe. They feature a gear box to lower velocity of the shaft so that the propellor tips do n't make supersonic velocity. Often the turbines which drive the propellor are separate from the remainder of the rotating constituents so that they are free to revolve at their ain velocity. Advantage: – High power, and low care. It is efficient when operated in sail velocities Disadvantage: – Turboshaft: – It is same as that of turbopop. It does non supply any direct physical support to the rotors. The rotors are connected to a transmittal, which itself is bolted to the airframe, the engine feeds the transmittal via a rotating shaft. Advatages: – Large sum of power and a low weight punishment. External burning engines: – Steam-powered: – In-line engine: – If the engine crankshaft is located above the cylinders, it is called and inverted inline engine. In this engine the cylinders are lined up in one row and the cylinders will be of even Numberss, but there are cases of three and five cylinders. Advantages: – It allows the aircraft to be designed with a narrow frontal country for low retarding force Disadvantages: – They are heavy Rotary engine: – The crankshaft is bolted to the airframe, and the propellor is bolted to the engine instance. They have all the cylinders in a circle around the crankcase. Advantages: – It was light weight, powerful, inexpensive Disadvantages: – Consumed big sums of Castor oil and heavy rotating engine made it really hard to wing. V-type engine: – In this the cylinders are arranged in two in-line Bankss, tilted 30-60 grades apart from each other. Advantages: – Higher power-to-weight ration and supplying little frontal country. Disadvatages: – Radial engine: – This has one or more rows of cylinder arranged in ac circle around a centrally located crankcase. They have uneven figure of cylinders. Advatanges: – They are besides favourable power to burden ratio, and the radials tend to chill equally and runs swimmingly. Disadvantages: – Serious harm due to hydrostatic lock Opposed engine: – They have two Bankss of cylinders on opposite sides centrally placed crankcase. Advatages: – No jobs of hydrostatic lock, they run swimmingly. Disadvatages: – Chemical reaction engines: – Turbines: – Fanjet: – Turbofan/Jet engines: – The highest part of air power fuel is consumed by big aircraft with big engines. Rocket-powered: – Motorjet: – Pulsejet: – Ramjet: – Scramjet: – Cooling: – It is needed to chill the engines and to maintain the temperatures of the engine low to last. There are two types used for chilling they are Liquid chilling: – They use circulation pump to chill. They use a mixture of H2O and chemicals such as coolant and rust inhibitors. Propylene ethanediol, ethylene glycol combination of the old and H2O are used as coolant. In liquid chilling there are 4 types of system. Closed Ic engine chilling system Open Ic engine chilling system Open Ic engine with thermic energy recovery Semiclosed Ic engine chilling system Advantages: – Low emanations, low noise Large liquid-cooled engines can be built ( 107000hp ) Disadvantages: – The coolant is renewed sporadically. They cause engine harm due to stop dead at ordinary temperatures Air chilling: – It is used to vary chilling so the engine is neither excessively hot nor excessively cold. It regulates adjustable baffles in the air flow, a fan which operates either independently of the engine such as an electric fan, which has adjustable clasp, thermostatic valve or thermoregulator that can be used to barricade the coolant flow when excessively cool. The motor, coolant, and the heat money changer have some heat capacity which used to smooth out temperature additions in short dashs. Advantages: – Reliable even in utmost heat, less maintence cost, high emanations and high noise No engine harm from stop deading and do n't necessitate any coolant service Disadvantages: – Rapid wear, Expensive, Hot musca volitanss are hard to avoid. ` Merely little air-cooled engines can be build. ( 500kw ) Frost: – It causes to halt the operation of the parts and halt their operation. Airframe frost: – It is caused by seeable wet and temperatures conducive to it. As the aerofoil moves through the air, the venture consequence that creates lift besides cools the air as it flows over the aerofoil and signifiers wet and you have ice, even wet besides adds the chilling consequence. Icing is formed on the rotor blade is non seeable and besides on the windscreen Initiation frost: – It is build when the air consumptions ices over, or stop up up with ice that has built up on the surface similar to airframe frost. The status are same as the airframe. Carburetor frost: – It is caused on the carburettor. As the air passes through the venture, the wet contained in the air condenses on the interior of the carburettor in the country of the throttle home base. Besides as this air passes through the Venturi it is cooled enormously particularly as the fuel is introduced into the flow. Once the temperature inside the carburettor drops to stop dead, ice Begins to roll up. Manifold: – It is mounted transversally with airfoiled form and filled with the anti-icing/deicing fluid which causes unstable droplets to organize along the rear border of the manifold and to so drop downwards by gravitation and it is caused from little separated gaps, instead than spray externally. Fuel armored combat vehicles and cells: – It is used to hive away the fuel which is propelled by fuel pump or released by pressurized gas into engine. It is a safe container for flammable liquids. The stuff used in building is high-density polythene, metal which is of steel or aluminium. Types of fuel armored combat vehicles are Built-in: – These armored combat vehicles are inside the aircraft construction that has been sealed to let fuel storage. They are used to hive away fuel in the wings and tail of aeroplane. They are used in big aircraft. Rigid removable: – They are installed in a compartment designed to suit the armored combat vehicle. They are used in little aircraft. They are constructed with metal and they may be removed for review, replacing, or fix. Bladder: – These are reinforced rubberized bags installed in a subdivision of aircraft construction designed to suit the weight of the fuel. It is rolled up and installed into the compartment through the fuel filler cervix or entree panel, and is secured by agencies of metal buttons or catchs inside the compartment. Self-sealing fuel armored combat vehicles: – It automatically seals little holes or harm caused during combat operations. It is non a slug cogent evidence, simply puncture sealing.The natural stickness of gum elastic and the basic qualities of gum elastic and crude oil seal the hole. Fuel Cells: – It is an electrochemical cell that converts a beginning fuel into electric current. It generates electricity inside a cell through reactions between a fuel and an oxidizer, triggered in the presence of an electrolyte. The reactants flow into the cell and the reaction merchandises flow out of it, while the electrolyte remains within it. It can run continuously every bit long as the necessary reactant and oxidant flows are maintained. Drag: – It is simple force that opposes the gesture of an aircraft through the air. The other retarding forces produced by it are Entire retarding force: – It is the amount of the all retarding forces. The best-rate-of-climb velocity, minimal rate-of-decent velocity for autorotation, and maximal endurance velocity is attained which has low retarding force which is produced by airspeed. Profile retarding force: – It is formed from frictional opposition of the blades go throughing through the air. It increases with the airspeed. Induced retarding force: – It is formed from the higher angle of onslaught. In rotary-wing the retarding force is decreases with the increased velocity. Parasite retarding force: – It is formed from the nonlifting parts such as fuselage, cockpit, engine hoods, rotor hub, and set downing cogwheel, and tail roar. It increases with airspeed. Fairing: – It is a construction whose primary map is to bring forth a smooth lineation and cut down retarding force Types of Fairing Hood: – It is the covering of a chopper engine. It used to cut down the retarding force, air consumption for jet engines and for chilling by directing air flow. Tail cones: – To cut down the signifier retarding force of the fuselage, by retrieving the force per unit area behind it. For the design velocity they add no clash retarding force. Wheel bloomerss: – It is besides called as velocity fairings. They besides have the Important map of forestalling clay and rocks from being thrown upwards against the wings or fuselage, or into the propellor on a thruster trade. Flying roots: – To cut down intervention retarding force. It is on the top and below the wing which has a rounded border to cut down the surface and such clash retarding force. At the taking and draging border it consists of much larger taper, high force per unit area and low force per unit area on top of the wing and around the fuselage and smooths out the force per unit area differences. Flying tips: – They have complex form to cut down vortex coevals and so besides drag, particularly at low velocity. Fin and rudder tips: – To cut down turbulency at the tip Elevator and horizontal stabilizer tips: – To smooth air flow at the tips Strut-to-wing and strut-to-fuselage: – To cut down retarding force at these junctions Fixed set downing gear junctions: – To cut down retarding force at these junction Flap path fairings: – It is the cross-sectional country which changes swimmingly along the length of the aircraft. Smooth cods are placed on the tracking borders of the wings and are called anti-shocking organic structures, carrots, flap path fairings Body: – Tail roar: – It is attached to fuselage by four big bolts, supports the tail rotor, five, and synchronized lifts. It is tapering semi-monoque construction. It consist of Honeycomb panels: – These panels are used to insulate the aircraft from fire incursion. They are fabricated from a low modulus, carbon/phenolic honeycomb and thin, low modulus, pitch based carbon/phenolic face sheets. These panels were so processed into high thermic conduction, high modulus carbon-carbon composite constructions. And these are used alternatively of extra protection to wiring etc which cause more cost and weight. Longerons: – It is a thin strip of wood, metal or C fibre, to which the tegument of the aircraft is fastened. They are besides called frames in the instance of the fuselage, or ribs in the instance of a wing. If the longitudinal members in a fuselage are few in figure ( 4 to 8 ) so they are called longerons. They are closely spaced ( every 4to 6 in/10 to 15 centimeter ) . These are of larger cross-section when compared to stringers. They carry larger tonss, and they are attached to frames or ribs. Stingers: – If the longitudinal members are legion ( 50 to 100 ) so they are called stingers. In this system the longitudinal members are smaller and the frames are spaced farther apart ( 15 to 20 in/38 to 51 centimeter ) . They are non attached to anything but tegument. They are more weight efficient, more complex to build and analyse. House tail rotor thrust shaft: – Provides power to the tailrotor from the transmittal. Electrical equipment: – Tow blower: – It is used to supply forced air airing. Synchronized lifts: – It is located near the aft terminal of the tail roar and is connected by control tubings, bellcranks and mechanical linkage to the bow and aft cyclic control system. Fore and aft motion of the cyclic control stick produces a alteration in the synchronised lift attitude, therefore increasing controllability of the chopper Five: – Holds the tailrotor and provides sidelong stabilisation. Fuselage: – It is the chief organic structure subdivision that holds crew and riders. In single-engine aircraft it will normally incorporate an engine, although in some amphibian aircraft the individual engine is mounted on a pylon attached to the fuselage which in bend is used as a drifting hull. It is besides used to stableness of the aircraft and manoeuvrability.Rain Removal systems: –( I ) Shutoff valve: – Switch over to command valve on ECS panel, 28-VDC incidental coach. ( two ) Thermo switch: – Located in windscreen and controls air blending valve to keep temperature on windscreen of 100 _+50F ( 38+-30 ) to 125 _+50F ( 52+_30 ) . ( three ) Air mixing/clearing valve: – Electronically/thermally controlled and pneumatically operated to keep proper temperature of air to forestall windshield harm. ( four ) Duct: – Screened recess on left side of olfactory organ for ambient air entryway to air mixing/clearing valve. ( V ) Drain valve: – Low point in system to run out condensation when system is away. Operates automatically.Wire work stoppage protection system: –It is designed to protect the choppers from wire abstructions at low degrees of flight. It consists of ( I ) Window channel: – ( two ) Stonecutter assembly Upper cutter: – It is mounted on top of the pilot station, forward of the ADF cringle aerial. Lower cutter: – It is mounted on the forward fuselage, under the ammo compartment. Chin cutter: – It is mounted under the nose, merely forward of the artilleryman station. ( three ) Nose deflector: – Composite stuff: – Composite stuff is of two types they are Glass fiber reinforced plastics: – It consists of glass fibers dispersed within a polymeric matrix, which is used to adhere the fibers together, leting any external emphasiss to be conveyed and distributed to fibers and being malleable, comparatively soft and with a high malleability, and besides used to forestall cleft extension between fibers. The belongingss are dependent on the fibre way and such sheets are anisotropic. Anisotropic is nil but material physical belongingss. Advantages: – Lightness, bargain rate and more strength Their chemical inertness besides make them extremely desirable for usage in rotor blades Disadvantages: – They lack stiffness Carbon fiber reinforced plastics: – These fibers are manufactured from polyacrylonitrile ( PAN ) , pitch and rayon and as a consequence they have the highest specific modulus of all reenforcing fibre stuffs. Specific modulus is nil but it gives an indicant of a stuff ‘s stiffness for a given mass or denseness of the stuff. A high stiffness/low denseness is really desirable in aerospace applications, for weight economy. These composite stuffs are used because they have good strength-to-density rations which are four or six times greater than steel or aluminum. And besides lighter than metals, easy to joined with adhesives, simplifying assembly. And these are used in creative activity of blades which are other than subjected to highly rough conditions. The conditions are both operational and environmental. Rotational tip speeds of about 200 m/s, and rolling during flight, are coupled with extreme in both humidness and temperature. The latter can change from -400c to +900c. So, the complexs can be made to carry through these belongings demands

Saturday, January 4, 2020

U.s. Public Health Care - 2452 Words

U.S. Two major reasons why the U.S. has the highest health care expenditures are substantially higher prices and more fragmented health care delivery that leads to extensive use of medical resources. Insured and high-income Americans, however, have more problems with health care services such as not getting regular medical treatments than the insured in other OECD countries. It reflects the lack of comprehensive health insurance coverage and higher out-of-pocket costs for care of the insured. Fragmented coverage in health care plans also does not support coordinated care in-network including the sharing of information among health professionals and insurance providers. A more effective health care system and management in primary†¦show more content†¦DRG hospital payment system, however, shows that economic incentives alone will not increase the efficiency of hospital managed care. Reimbursement of the comprehensive care and payment for physicians and insurance providers hav e been restructured by payers and supported by the U.S. government. Funding for different revenue sources through economic incentives shows fiscal responsibility in the U.S. under the ACA. UK The United Kingdom has taken a universal coverage with no bills for service, meaning no fee at all. The government pays each patient’s fees through taxes. It is cost-efficient, providing better quality of healthcare to everybody with a single national system called ‘Beveridge - Bevan system’, the British National Health Service. Citizens’ satisfaction increases since there is no fee at service, but the government charges for prescriptions in a queue or the waiting list. Through this free nationalized health care system, patients assess health care procedures after the problem is treated as well as the patient’s general state of health afterwards. The National Health Service (NHS) collects the data of Patient Recorded Outcomes Measures (PROMs) while helping doctors to better understand the impact of their interventions, and redefining health as satisfaction for well-being rather than clinical measures (EMT, 6). The NHS utilizes socialized medici ne in which the government owns

Friday, December 27, 2019

The Effects Of Sleep Consumed On The Accuracy And Reaction...

This experiment tests how the amount of sleep consumed effects the accuracy and reaction time in college students. The hypothesis states that a participant who received six or less hours of sleep the previous night will have slower reaction times and less accuracy than a participant who received more than six hours of sleep. Participants were broken into two groups (six or less hours of sleep and more than six hours) and asked to identify the color of ink on a flash card. This was a timed test to calculate accuracy and reaction time. The results of the study did not support the hypothesis. It was therefore rejected. According to Marhefka (2001), insufficient sleep reduces cognitive functioning in college student. Sleep deprivation is†¦show more content†¦Method Participants. There were twenty participants involved in this study. Seven were male and thirteen were female. Range of age of the participants was widely varied. Age was not one of the measured variables. All participants were college students or faculty at Arapahoe Community College (ACC). The participants were all selected at random. Participants were found while walking through out ACC. Each participant was given the details of participating in the study; they then made the decision to choose to participate or to decline. Materials. In this study flash cards were used to test reaction time. White 3x5 inch note cards were used. On each note card was written a color word (e.g. blue, black, purple). The color words were written in a noncorresponding colored ink (e.g. word blue written in red ink, word purple written in green ink). A stopwatch on a cell phone was used to keep time of twenty seconds. A flowchart was created to keep order of how many cards were completed correctly and incorrectly. There were thirty-seven flash cards made for this experiment which were kept in the same order throughout the study. On the flowchart, the column furthest to the left contained al the colors of the ink on each card in order. There were twenty additional columns to the right, one for each participant. Procedures. To begin the experiment, participants were asked to report the amount of sleep received the previous night. TheyShow MoreRelatedEffect of Different Music Genres on the Mind6676 Words   |  27 PagesIndividual Research Project FIRST-HAND INVESTIGATION BIOLOGY The Effect of Different Music Genres on the Human Mind: * Concentration * Spatial Reasoning * Short-Term Memory * Reaction Time Timothy Yee Joy TABLE OF CONTENTS Why I chose this topic ............................................................................3 Summary of Prior Research......................................................................4 Appendix of Research and Assessment of Reliability ........Read Moreeffect of stress on students academic performance6787 Words   |  28 Pagesreviewed by the researcher. Scholars, academia and works of other researchers were also reviewed in order to gain knowledge useful for the study and to avoid duplication of already done work on the study. The researcher reviewed a literature on the Effect of Stress on Student’s Academic Performance on Kogi State University Undergraduates†. The researcher also presents a theoretical approach relevant to the study and its implication. There are several theoretical positions devised for examining andRead MoreEffects of the Social Media on Relationship Trends of University Students9686 Words   |  39 PagesNAME OF PROJECT: THE EFFECTS OF THE SOCIAL MEDIA ON RELATIONSHIP TRENDS BY: SARAI WANJIKU NJENGA I.D # : 621920 A RESEARCH PROJECT SUBMITTED TO THE JOURNALISM PROGRAM IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS OF THE COURSE JRN 3024 COMMUNICATION RESEARCH USIU JOURNALISM PROGRAM 2011 DECLARATION I hereby declare that this is my original work. It has not been presented to any other institution for any other purpose. Name : Sarai Wanjiku Njenga Signature : ____________________ Read MoreCulturally Adapted Acceptance And Commitment Therapy For Treating Depression Among Latino Adults9015 Words   |  37 PagesCOMMITMENT THERAPY FOR TREATING DEPRESSION AMONG LATINO ADULTS by Lucerito E. Ruiz Ramirez, M.S. A Dissertation Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Doctor of Psychology UNIVERSITY OF LA VERNE College of Arts and Sciences Psychology Department Month and year dissertation is completed Copyright  © (year submitted) Lucerito E. Ruiz Ramirez All Rights Reserved CULTURALLY ADAPTED ACCEPTANCE AND COMMITMENT THERAPYRead More_x000C_Introduction to Statistics and Data Analysis355457 Words   |  1422 PagesWindows is a registered trademark of the Microsoft Corporation used herein under license. Macintosh and Power Macintosh are registered trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc. Used herein under license. 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My doctoralRead MoreMarketing and E-commerce Business65852 Words   |  264 PagesCHAPTER 3 E-COMMERCE INFRASTRUCTURE: THE INTERNET, WEB, AND MOBILE PLATFORM Opening Case: Google Glass: Augment My Reality Insight on Society: Government Surveillance and Regulation of the Internet Insight on Technology: Is HTML5 Ready for Prime Time? Insight on Business: The Apps Ecosystem Case Study: Akamai Technologies: Attempting to Keep Supply Ahead of Demand CHAPTER 4 BUILDING AN E-COMMERCE PRESENCE: WEB SITES, MOBILE SITES, AND APPS Opening Case: USA Today Redesigns Insight on Business:

Thursday, December 19, 2019

Crossing Brooklyn Ferry by Walt Whitman Essay - 875 Words

Through the use of simple diction, Whitman is able to traverse both time and distance and connect with his readers as so few other poets can. His mastery of verbiage draws readers into the poem, as few other poets can. In â€Å"Crossing Brooklyn Ferry,† Whitman creates a vignette into the Brooklyn of the past, and he connects it to the present, though in surprising ways. The omnipresence of Whitman allows the reader to envision themselves into the settings he created- and to interpret them into modern language. By creating a path through the cities of the past, Whitman connects with his readers in a fascinating and deeply personal way. Whitman’s mastery of language and is apparent in the poem narrator’s ability†¦show more content†¦After establishing the omnipresence of the poem, Whitman addresses those readers in the future by beginning with the declaration that It avails not, time nor place—distance avails not (CITE), thus stating that I (Whitma n) am with you (CITE). Whitman connects his sights to those of the future by stating that future people will experience, he has already seen Just as you . . . or I too, which reinforces the omnipresent and boundless power of nature to connect all time and space together (CITE). Whitman relishes the joy and sheer pleasure of being connected to something much greater than himself. He does not fear the inevitable death he must face because he knows he will experience the future, though through the eyes of those yet to be born. He is able to find comfort in Others [who feel] the same—others who look back on me because I lookd forward to them (CITE). There is no finality in death because he, like his readers, will continue to live long after they are gone. After asking What is it then between us? / What is the count of the scores or hundreds of years between us? (CITE) he states that it does not matter. Whitman connects himself to all the people of the past and present, those who have been â€Å"struck from the float (CITE) or suddenly aware of the futility of a single life. One does not have to have hadShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of Walt Whitman s Crossing Brooklyn Ferry 1271 Words   |  6 PagesThe American Dream establishes a journey to achieve a goal in order to start a new life. In â€Å"Crossing Brooklyn Ferry† by Walt Whitman, Walt Whitman illustrates the arrival to endorse a connection with the American future. Therefore, Walt Whitman conveys the experience of arrival using images to highlight the steps to reach the American Dream. As a result, the experience of arrival introduces a similar goal people are trying to achieve, which connects one another. Nevertheless, the people arrivingRead MoreEssay about Crossing Brooklyn Ferry by Walt Whitman933 Words   |  4 PagesCrossing Brooklyn Ferry by Walt Whitman Recurring Images and Motifs in Crossing Brooklyn Ferry In the poem Crossing Brooklyn Ferry by Walt Whitman, there are many recurring images and motifs that can be seen. Whitman develops these images throughout the course of the poem. The most dominant of these are the linear notion of time, playing roles, and nature. By examining these motifs and tracing their development, ones understanding of the poem becomes highly deepenedRead More Dickinson vs Whitman Essay611 Words   |  3 PagesDickinson vs Whitman Two Poets, Walt Whitman and Emily Dickinson are probably two of the most influential people in American poetry. They are regarded as the founders modern American poetry. Walt Whitman (1819-1892), for the time was breaking new ground with his diverse, energetic verse with regards to subject matter, form and style whether talking about overlooked objects in nature such as a single blade of grass or even our own hearing. Emily Dickinson (1830-1886) while living a life ofRead MoreOmnipresence of Whitman: Here-- Then and Now1143 Words   |  5 PagesWhitman is able to traverse both time and distance and connect with his readers, through the use of simple diction, as so few other poets can. His mastery of verbiage draws readers into the poem, and creates a poetic experience like no other. In â€Å"Crossing Brooklyn Ferry,† Whitman creates a vignette into the Brooklyn of the past, as he connects it to the present, in surprising ways. Omnipresence allows the reader to envision t hemselves in the settings created and to interpret them into modern languageRead MoreIndividuality And Free Verse in Walt Whitmans Song of Myself1524 Words   |  7 Pagesperspective of poetry, Walt Whitman embodies these values in his life and work. First published in 1855 in Leaves of Grass, Song of Myself is a vision of a symbolic I enraptured by the senses, vicariously embracing all people and places from the Atlantic to the Pacific oceans. Sections 1 and 2, like the entirety of the piece, seek to reconcile the individual and the natural world in an attempt to uncover the individuals humanity. Born near Huntington, New York, Whitman was the second of a familyRead MoreLiterary Romanticism : Literary Realism852 Words   |  4 Pagesnarrator’s interpretation of the loss of his beloved Lenore, not in a matter of fact way, but rather in a romantic subjectivity way. In contrast, Walt Whitman’s Crossing Brooklyn Ferry, displays the shift from transcendentalism towards realism. Rather than imagination, Whitman uses natural imagery (real images of nature and our surroundings) to convey realism. Whitman exemplifies this as follows: Just as you feel when you look on the river and sky, so I felt, Just as any of you is one of a living crowdRead MoreAn Analysis of â€Å"Crossing Brooklyn Ferry† and â€Å"Out of the Cradle Endlessly Rocking†2534 Words   |  11 PagesAn Analysis of â€Å"Crossing Brooklyn Ferry† and â€Å"Out of the Cradle Endlessly Rocking† By Austin Cooley ENGL 2027 – 007 In â€Å"Crossing Brooklyn Ferry† the story follows the narrator’s experience with life as he takes a beautiful ferry ride. The man talks about the meaning of his life to other people. In this crowd he brings together all of the strangers and finds a connection. His journey through â€Å"space and time† is focused on the people. In the first sections, Whitman sets the scene by describing hisRead MoreAnalysis Of Crossing Brooklyn Ferry By Ralph Waldo Emerson1045 Words   |  5 Pagesof Walt Whitman. This is no accident or act of fate. Whitman purposely aimed to become a True Poet for America, as described by Ralph Waldo Emerson’sâ€Å"The Poet†. He did this through his elements and themes of his poetry which transformed him into an eternal man, and speaker of all people. Whitman’s poem â€Å"Crossing Brooklyn Ferry† not only portrays these aspects of him but also shows how he is a Transcendentalist through the themes of time, human con nectivity, and beauty. In â€Å"Crossing Brooklyn Ferry†Read MoreThe New Colossus By Jane Addams Essay1364 Words   |  6 Pagesdistinction between â€Å"settlers† and â€Å"immigrants,† causing many observers to be concerned with how these new arrivals would fit in to American society. Emma Lazarus in â€Å"The New Colossus†, Jane Addams in Twenty Years at Hull House, Walt Whitman in â€Å"Crossing the Brooklyn Ferry†, Theodore Roosevelt in American Ideals, and Thomas Aldrich in â€Å"Unguarded Gates† are just a few names in American Literature who use their work as a medium to voice their opinions on the issue of immigration. Emma Lazarus’s poemRead MoreThe Most Uneven Great Poet By Tenney Nathanson1102 Words   |  5 Pagestumultuous waves,) Ever with pleas’d smile I may keep on, Ever and ever yet the verses owning – as, first, I here and now, Singing for Soul and Body, set to them my name, Walt Whitman Walt Whitman, termed â€Å"America’s most uneven great poet† by Tenney Nathanson, is one of America’s greatest poets. Born in 1819 in Long Island, Whitman lived during an era when sexuality, especially homosexuality, a term not coined until years later, was a taboo subject not to be discussed in public. Many of his poems